The stonemason works with natural or artificial stone. Stonemasons hew, carve, sand, engrave, and polish stones using mallets and chisels as well as pneumatic tools and electrical milling and sanding machines. Their work focuses mainly on geometrical and often construction tasks that demand the skills of a craftsman and follow exact plans.
Stonemasonry is one of the oldest trades: the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Acropolis in Athens were built by stonemasons. These craftsmen used very simple means to erect these structures. The building blocks were precisely hewn stones and no mortar was applied. In the Middle Ages the stonemason’s trade mainly developed in the monasteries. The technique used here specialized in the exact dressing and artistic shaping of ashlar blocks. Wandering stonemasons organized themselves in fraternities with local chapters at each cathedral construction site; the stonemasons who stayed in the cities formed guilds. These set down the rights and duties of all stonemasons and stone sculptors.
In Austria stonemasons receive their training by serving a three-year apprenticeship.
At our company stonemasons are responsible for shaping stone workpieces to replace missing or damaged parts of monuments and stone façades. They also use original material to make copies of geometrically constructed building parts like balusters or decorative molding. An important task is the skilled relocation and stabilization of stone building parts and ornaments as well as entire monuments.
Last updated: 07/07/2015 Imprint ©2015 Denkmalpflege G.m.b.H. & Mag. Klaus Wedenig Restaurierung & Konservierung